HPV comes with potentially serious consequences.

HPV-RELATED CANCERS AND DISEASES.

Although more than 40 genital types of human papillomavirus (HPV) exist, only certain types can cause HPV-related cancers and diseases in both males and females.

It’s important for parents to learn about these potentially serious consequences to help protect their children.

 
HPV can cause anal cancer and genital warts in both men and women.
HPV can cause cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, and vaginal cancer in women.
 
To learn how you can help protect your child from certain HPV-related cancers and diseases, talk to your child’s doctor or health care professional today.
 

Tap on any of the HPV-related cancers and diseases below to learn more.

Click on any of the HPV-related cancers and diseases below to learn more.

HPV can cause cervical cancer in women.

Cervical Cancer

Virtually all cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV.
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Unlike some other cancers, cervical cancer doesn’t run in the family. It’s caused by certain types of HPV.

If a woman has an infection from certain types of HPV and the infection doesn’t go away on its own, abnormal cells can develop in her cervix (the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina).

Every year in the United States, HPV causes about 12,900 new cases of cervical cancer. That's about 35 women diagnosed each day.

If these abnormal cells aren’t found through routine cervical cancer screening and treated, cervical cancer can develop. That's why it's important for women to get regular screenings.

Many women with cervical cancer were probably exposed to cancer-causing HPV types in their teens and 20s.

In fact, women in their teens and 20s may be more vulnerable to certain infections than older women. That's why it's important for parents to talk to their child’s doctor before their child becomes sexually active.

To learn more about the link between cervical cancer and HPV, talk to your child’s doctor.

HPV can cause anal cancer in both men and women.

Anal Cancer

Both males and females can be at risk for HPV-related anal cancer.
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Anal cancer rates have been increasing in the United States for both males and females.

While not all anal cancer cases are caused by HPV, each year nationwide, there are about 6,300 new anal cancer cases that are caused by HPV.

This type of cancer occurs in the anus, which is the opening at the lower end of the intestines (bowels). Although anal cancer can sometimes have no symptoms, minor rectal bleeding is usually the first sign.

To learn more about the link between anal cancer and HPV, talk to your child’s doctor.

HPV can cause vaginal and vulvar cancer in women.

Vaginal and Vulvar Cancers

Certain types of HPV may cause these gynecologic cancers.
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Vaginal cancer occurs in the woman’s birth canal, which connects the bottom of the uterus to the outside of her body.

This type of cancer usually has no symptoms early on. However, when symptoms occur, they include pain in the pelvis, abnormal vaginal discharge or bleeding, or blood in the urine or stool.

Unlike vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer usually has symptoms. They include pain in the pelvis, color and skin changes, sores or lumps, itching, burning, and bleeding on the vulva (outer part of a woman’s genital organs).

While not all vaginal and vulvar cancer cases are caused by HPV, in the United States each year, about 4,500 women are diagnosed with vaginal or vulvar cancer caused by HPV.

Treatment for these types of cancer is most effective when the cancer is caught early on.

To learn more about the link between vaginal and vulvar cancers and HPV, talk to your child’s doctor.

HPV can cause genital warts in both men and women.

Genital Warts

Genital warts are easily spread and can affect both males and females.
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The warts are usually flesh-colored growths that may be raised or flat, single or multiple, small or large. But you may not be able to recognize them since not all genital warts look the same.

About 3 out of 4 people will get genital warts after having any kind of genital contact with someone who has genital warts.

This disease can be treated, but there’s no cure for the HPV infection that caused it. Treatment can also be painful (for example, freezing or applying medicine to the warts). Even after treatment, genital warts can come back — about 25% of the time, they return within 3 months.

Every hour, there are ~40 new cases of genital warts in the United States.

To learn more about the link between genital warts and HPV, talk to your child’s doctor.


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